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International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences (IJPHCS)
Open Access e-journal ISSN : 2289-7577


Ismaila U.G., Hejar Abdul Rahman, S.M. Saliluddin



Background: Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) one of the major zoonotic diseases in developing countries. The isolation and identification of M .bovis in fresh and sour milk sold at local markets, sputum and tissue samples from humans especially herdsmen, abattoir and slaughter houses in Nigeria has shown that the disease spread in both animals and humans. The aim of this study was to assess the predictors of knowledge related to bovine tuberculosis among abattoir workers in Gusau Modern Abattoir, Zamfara State, Nigeria.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Gusau Modern Abattoir, Zamfara State, Nigeria. A total of 416 eligible abattoir workers were selected using proportionate stratified random sampling. Data on knowledge related to bovine tuberculosis was collected among the abattoir workers from May to July 2014, through face to face interview and self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive analysis, chi-square and multivariate logistic regression were employed to determine the level and predictors of knowledge using SPSS version 21.0.

Result: The overall mean knowledge score of the respondents was 23.94 (± 12.490), with 53.7% having high knowledge and 46.3% having low knowledge on BTB. Knowledge was found to be statistically associated with age, monthly income, educational status and ethnicity of the respondents. Similarly, the workers and their family history of TB infection were found to be associated with knowledge on BTB. Years of working experience (OR = 2.168; 95% CI = 1.341 – 3.504; p = 0.002), TB screening (OR = 2.695; 95% CI = 1.298 – 5.598; p = 0.008) and family member history of TB infection (OR = 17.729; 95% CI = 2.326 – 135.146; 0.006) were found to be the predictors of knowledge on BTB.

Conclusion: This study identified that the knowledge of abattoir workers in Zamfara State, Nigeria on bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is low.

Keywords: Knowledge, bovine tuberculosis, abattoir workers, Zamfara State, Nigeria

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