ASSOCIATED FACTORS WITH HOSPITAL DIET COMPLIANCE IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) was a condition of insufficient insulin because the pancreas was damaged or insulin could not be used effectively. DM was related to diet. Food for DM patients was important to monitor so the blood sugar would be controlled. Preliminary studies showed that 60% of patients had low levels of dietary compliance. This study aimed to look at the relationship of family support with hospital diet compliance in type 2 DM patients and see the relation between the knowledge levels with hospital diet compliance in type 2 DM patients in Surabaya Haji Hospital.
Materials dan Methods: This research was an analytical study with a cross sectional approach. The research variables consisted of family support, the knowledge levels and hospital diet compliance. Respondents were type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in inpatient Hajj Surabaya Hospital with inclusion criteria: 1) without complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients; 2) able to communicate well; and 3) willing to become respondents by signing informed consent. Samples were obtained through simple random sampling. Data were analyzed using frequency distribution, cross tabulation, and chi-square statistical test to determine the effect of variables.
Result: The results showed that almost all respondents with high family support had high dietary compliance (81.3%), the chi-square test results show that ρ value is 0.004 <α 0.05. That is, there is a relationship between family support and adherence to hospital diet in patients with type 2 diabetes in Surabaya Haji Hospital. The results showed that there were no DM sufferers who had good knowledge about DM patient diet. 75% of respondents with a low level of diet compliance had a low knowledge level, the chi-square test results showed that ρ value was 0.013 < α (0.05), which meant there was a relation between the knowledge level with hospital diet compliance in type 2 DM patients.
Conclusion: Family support and knowledge levels about diet regulation would affect the compliance level of the hospital diet to respondents so the health education was needed for families who look after the hospital.Keywords: Family support, knowledge levels, diet compliance