FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HAND WASHING PRACTICES AMONG ADOLESCENTS YEMENI STUDENTS IN KLANG VALLEY, MALAYSIA
Background: Handwashing is a cornerstone of public health and the practice of handwashing with soap tops the international hygiene agenda. Handwashing with soap is among the most effective and inexpensive ways to prevent infections. This study aims to determine the level of hand washing practices and the factors associated with hand washing practices among adolescent Yemeni students in Malaysia.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among Yemeni adolescent in Malaysia using stratified random sampling. Data was collected using validated and self-administrated questionnaire which comprises eight sections. Data collected was analysed using IBM Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 23. Descriptive, chi square and binary logistic regressions was used for analysis. All the association and predictors were considered significant at P< 0.05.
Result: In this study out of 221 respondents, most of them (65.6 %) were more than the age of 14 and 57.9% of them were males. Most of the students’ parents had a university level of education: 39.8% of mothers and 70.1% of the fathers. Majority of the respondents (64.7%) stayed for more than 36 months in Malaysia. The predictors of poor hand washing practice were only older age (P = 0.002), poor knowledge (P= 0.001), no influence of sociocultural and family factors (P= 0.023) and absence of clean running tap water (P= 0.001).
Conclusion: The students had good handwashing practice. However, there should be ongoing health education about hand washing practice to students and the parents as well.
Keywords: Hand washing, practice, adolescent, Yemeni