DAILY INTAKE OF DIETARY SUCROSE AND SODIUM AMONG ELDERLY PEOPLE WITH HYPERTENSION IN DIFFERENT CULTURE
Background: Excessive intake of dietary sucrose and sodium has negative effect for blood pressure. The cause of hypertension might be different in various region depends on food habit. The study aims to analyze the differences intake of dietary sucrose and sodium among elderly people with hypertension in different culture.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Surabaya (East Java) and Sukoharjo (Central Java). The sample size was 62 (31 subjects in each area). Dietary intake was measured using SQ-FFQ and Food Recall. Data was analyzed using independent sample t-test and Person correlation test to analyze the mean different and correlation between sucrose and sodium intake and hypertension severity.
Result: The average intake of dietary sucrose in Sukoharjo was higher (86.6 ±4.5 g) than Surabaya (59.9 ± 2.9 g), sodium intake in Surabaya was higher (3,137 ±113.2 mg) than Sukoharjo (2,268.9 ± 101 mg). Intake level of both nutrients were statistically different in two regions (p= 0,000). Either sucrose or sodium was correlated with severity of hypertension (r=0.974; p=0.004 and r=0.819; 0=0.019, respectively).
Conclusion: Sucrose and sodium intake are different in two regions. It correlates with severity of hypertension among elderly. Hypertension in Central of Java might cause by high sucrose intake, otherwise in East Java might cause by high sodium intake.
Keywords: Hypertension, Sucrose, Sodium, Elderly