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International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences (IJPHCS)
Open Access e-journal ISSN : 2289-7577

MEAL TAKING BEHAVIOUR AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS IN A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY IN MALAYSIA

Nurfaziela Izati Mohd Fadzly, Wong Shu Kee, Titi Rahmawati H.

Abstract


https://doi.org/10.32827/ijphcs.5.6.204

Background: Poor meal taking behaviour (MTB) is a critical public health issue which may lead to poor health and economic burden among people. Food preference starts early and continue to adulthood.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among randomly selected 304 medical students at a university in Malaysia, with the aim to determine their MTB and the factors influencing these behaviours. Descriptive and analytic statistics were used to analyse the data collected using pre-tested and validated questionnaire. Chi square test was used to determine the association and significant level is set at p<0.05.

Result: The response rate of was 83.2%. Most of respondents are 21 year old (29.6%), female (74.7%), Malay (60.1%), Muslim (60.9%) and from high socio-economic status family (60.1%). The percentage of respondents who have good and poor meal taking behaviour are almost similar, at 49.4% and 50.6%, respectively.  Age, race and religion and source of food taken for breakfast were found to have statistically significant association with good meal taking behaviour.

Conclusion: Students should be encouraged to have their meals in a proper time, with good quality and quantity of foods while taking consideration of their food preference. Health education can play a part in increasing the proportion of students with good MTB.

Keywords: Meal taking behaviour, medical student, university in Malaysia


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