SYSTEMATIC REVIEW ON EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTIONAL STUDIES IN REDUCING WORK-RELATED INJURIES AMONG HEALTHCARE WORKERS
Background: Globally 6,300 people die per day as a result of occupational accidents or work-related diseases and a portion of them are those working in health care sectors . Healthcare sector employ over 59 million workers who work in hazardous and high risk work environments which expose them to get work-related injury (WRI). One way of WRI prevention is by doing educational intervention which need to be tailored to their needs to ensure its effectiveness .
Materials and Methods: Articles were chosen by using a systematic search via three electronic database, namely PubMed, Scopus and ScienceDirect coupled with a combination of keywords namely “work-related injury” OR “occupational hazard” OR “healthcare workers” OR “hospital” AND “educational intervention” OR “injury prevention” OR “workplace education”. Other inclusion criteria included fully accessible, original studies in English language, published in a peer-reviewed journals from 1 January 2010 to 31 March 2018.
Result and Discussion: A number of 10 studies were included in this review. The results were categorised into type of intervention, subject population, health behaviour model used (if available) and the results of the selected studies. All 10 selected studies showed significant improvement post intervention in the research subject using education as part of their intervention strategy. Two of those studies mentioned and used specific behavioural or training model namely Health Belief Model (HBM) and Kirkpatrick’s Model. Among all the reviewed articles, three of them used components of participatory training in addition to educational intervention.
Conclusion: This review provides strong evidence that WRIs can be prevented with an educational intervention programme or module. Despite differences in methodological approaches, the studies consistently showed educational programs are effective in reducing the risk of WRIs in healthcare settings.Keywords: Work-related injury, educational intervention, healthcare workers