RISK PERCEPTION TO PERFORM COUNSELLING AND HIV TESTING TOWARDS BRIDAL CANDIDATES IN TAMBAKSARI SUB-DISTRICT
Background: HIV had spread to all provinces in Indonesia and getting increased every year. East Java is the second province with the highest number of HIV and AIDS cases. Tambaksari sub-district has the highest number of HIV sufferers in Surabaya, the city which had the most HIV and AIDS cases founded in East Java. The bridal candicates were the target population in the implementation of HIV and AIDS prevention activities that recently started in Surabaya earlier in 2017.
Materials and Methods: This research used qualitative method with phenomenology approach, which aim to analyze perceived of HIV transmission risk that bridal candicates feel on the intention making to perform counseling and HIV test before marriage or not. We collected opinions and characteristics individually of 16 pair informants (32 bridal candidates) through in-depth interview and observations.
Result: Risk perception was not shown by most informants, where most informants do not feel at risk of being able to transmit or to contract HIV from the partners. Only two pairs of informants who shown the risk perception of HIV transmission were demostrated by seeking information on the type of counseling and HIV test accessible and had planning to perform the HIV check up.
Conclusion: The more perceived of risk support informants in determining intention or not to perform HIV testing before marriage, the greater the chance of realizing the intention for informants to conduct counseling and HIV test before marriage.Keywords: Bridal candidates, Counseling and HIV Test, HAPA, HIV, Risk Perception