ROLES OF SOCIAL SUPPORT AND SOCIAL CONTROL FOR COPING RESOURCES TO PREVENT DRUG ABUSE AMONG CHILDREN
Background: Rehabilitation clients at Surabaya, Indonesia, were dominated by adolescents and most of them abuse drug at the age less than 15 years. Social environment has an important influence on children’s behavior to prevent drug abuse or provide risk factor to become a drug abuser. This study aims to examine the roles of social support and social control for coping resources to prevent drug abuse among children.
Materials and Methods: This is an obeservational study, qualitative research type. The study was conducted from March to May 2018 in Putat Jaya, Surabaya city. The data were collected through in-depth interviews to the 22 children (ages 10-17 years old) and their parents choosen by purposive technique. Focus Group Discussion doing for 6 member of Putat Jaya anti-drugs coalition. Data were analyzed by content analysis method.
Result: Social control and social support are the function of social networks that important to individual coping resources and families’s coping resources. Families and communities are source of control and source of support on children to prevent drug abuse. Coping resources to prevent drug abuse allows children and families to be able to assess problems, assess obstacles to prevention and make a problem solving.
Conclusion: Family and community is source of support and source of control for children to build individual coping resources to prevent drug abuse on children. Individual coping resources have roles for assessing risks, accessing information and solving problems. Families and communities need to develop support and control functions for children to prevent drug abuse.
Keywords: children, prevention drug abuse, social support, social control, coping resources