THE EFFECT OF SKT3 MEDITATION EXERCISE TO CONTROL HbA1c LEVEL OF TYPE2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS
Background: Medical treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is not always sufficient to achieve HbA1c control. Despite the previous studies on supplementary therapies, we investigated the effects of SKT3 interventions on HbA1c level in type 2 diabetic patients.
Materials and Methods: This is a three - arm randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the effect of SKT3 meditation exercise on the change of HbA1c level among type 2 diabetic patients. The 105 voluntary patients were randomly assigned into 2 experiment groups and one control group with equal number of 35. All patients in each group still received standard medical treatment during the study for 16 weeks. In the trial, the experimental group 1 was assigned to practice SKT3 meditation exercise for 30 minutes once a day, group 2 practiced charm meditation exercise SKT1 for 30 minutes once a day and the control group received only standard medical treatment. The HbA1c level of each group was measured 3 times; at the baseline, the 8th and the 16th week of implementation. The mixed linear regression was used to analyse the change of HbA1c.
Result: The results showed that the HbA1c level among SK3 was found lower than SK1 and standard treatment group with statistical significance (p < .001).
Conclusion: The study showed that the practice of SKT3 meditation exercise continuously for 16 weeks had the reduction effect of the HbA1c level among the Thai type 2 diabetic patients. Hence, SKT3 should be recommended as an effective supplementary method for controlling the HbA1c.
Keywords: Three-arms RCT, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, HbA1c, SKT3 meditation exercise