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International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences (IJPHCS)
Open Access e-journal ISSN : 2289-7577


Zaleha M.I., Vikneswaran S., Lailatul R., Hadzlinda Z., Rosli T.



Increasing trend of global burden among malnourished children is inevitable and merely occurs among the underprivileged. The study aimed to determine the dietary patterns and nutritional adequacy at an orphanage in Kulim, Kedah. A total of 30 children were selected from the orphanage for this cross sectional study. Data collection was carried out in 3 phases. First, demographic data collection of the participating children. Second, dietary intake assessment through semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire method and finally, anthropometric measurement of the children. Majority of the children were female (53.33%). The average age of the children was 14 ±2.57 years old. The mean weight and height was 42.34  ± 11.92 kg and 151.07 ± 9.36 cm, respectively. According to the BMI for age, 73.3 % were within normal BMI, 13.3 % were considered thin and the remaining 13.4% were in the severe thin category. The overall mean energy intake was 2,563.57 ± 677.42 kcal. Female children took an average of 2,345.38 ± 647.03 kcal while the male children had a mean of 2,812.93 ± 544.26 kcal. This  nutritional assessment showed that only small portion of children were affected and the rest were in their optimal nutritional condition. The assessment must be conducted periodically to ensure they live a healthier life and to prevent further medical and psychosocial implications. Besides that, the home administrator must obtain advice from a qualified nutritionist for the menu served as children being total vegetarian. It will ensure variability of served food and sustainability of its nutritional value.

Keywords: Orphanage- children – Kulim – nutritional status – BMI

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