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International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences (IJPHCS)
Open Access e-journal ISSN : 2289-7577

MALARIA IN PREGNANCY: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW

Ahmed Dahiru Balami, Salmiah M.S, Nor Afiah M.Z.

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Background: Malaria remains highly endemic in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Pregnant women, more than other adults have been shown to have higher risks of contracting the disease. Malaria in pregnancy is associated with numerous adverse pregnancy outcomes and it remains a major public health challenge in this region.  

Materials and Methods: A detailed literature search was conducted in Google scholar; PubMed and the Cochrane library to identify articles relevant to understanding of malaria in pregnancy.

Result: Malaria in pregnancy is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as: low birth weight; abortions; pre-term delivery and maternal anaemia. Even though pregnant women are more vulnerable to malaria infection compared to other adults by virtue of their pregnancy state alone, some pregnant women are more vulnerable than others by virtue of their socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics. Placental infection seems to be the central point for the pathogenesis of these adverse outcomes associated with malaria infection during pregnancy.

Conclusion: Malaria in pregnancy remains a serious public health problem in malaria endemic regions. Wide spread adoption of insecticide treated nets and intermittent preventive treatment with suphadoxine-pyrimethamine have a strong potential of drastically reducing the presently observed undesirable effects of malaria in pregnancy.

Background: Malaria remains highly endemic in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Pregnant women, more than other adults have been shown to have higher risks of contracting the disease. Malaria in pregnancy is associated with numerous adverse pregnancy outcomes and it remains a major public health challenge in this region.  

Materials and Methods: A detailed literature search was conducted in Google scholar; PubMed and the Cochrane library to identify articles relevant to understanding of malaria in pregnancy.

Result: Malaria in pregnancy is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as: low birth weight; abortions; pre-term delivery and maternal anaemia. Even though pregnant women are more vulnerable to malaria infection compared to other adults by virtue of their pregnancy state alone, some pregnant women are more vulnerable than others by virtue of their socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics. Placental infection seems to be the central point for the pathogenesis of these adverse outcomes associated with malaria infection during pregnancy.

Conclusion: Malaria in pregnancy remains a serious public health problem in malaria endemic regions. Wide spread adoption of insecticide treated nets and intermittent preventive treatment with suphadoxine-pyrimethamine have a strong potential of drastically reducing the presently observed undesirable effects of malaria in pregnancy.

Keywords: Malaria in pregnancy, associated factors, pathogenesis, prevention, treatment.


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