ADHERENCE TO PHYSICAL ACTIVITY RECOMMENDATIONS AND QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG OLDER ADULTS
Background: The aim of the study was to assess the adherence to physical activity recommendations in older adults and determine the differences of the quality of life of older adults meeting them versus not meeting.
Materials and Methods: We administered a questionnaire to 385 adults, aged 50-89 years, living in Cankaya, Ankara, Turkey. The questionnaire covered socio-demographic characteristics, health status, questions about the frequency and duration of physical activity, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life–Ageing scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, independent samples t-tests and one- way analysis of variance.
Result: The mean age of the participants was 73.70 ± 7.82 years, 54.4% of them are male; 38.7% are high school graduates. 44.1% of the participants met aerobic exercise recommendations; only 17.4% met all physical activity recommendations. Individuals whose health were rated as good were found to adherence to all physical activity recommendations more (p<0.05). The average quality of life scores of the elderly who met aerobic exercise recommendations and all physical activity recommendations were higher (p<0.05).
Conclusion: It was concluded in the study that the adherence to physical activity recommendations of older adults were low and the quality of life of those who met the recommendations was higher.Keywords: aged, aerobic exercise, resistance training, balance exercise, life quality