EFFECTIVENESS OF PHOTOVOICE IN IMPROVING KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, PRACTICE, SELF-EFFICACY, AND TREATMENT OUTCOME REGARDING TB AMONG NEWLY DIAGNOSED TB PATIENTS IN SPECIALIST HOSPITAL SOKOTO: A STUDY PROTOCOL
Background: Tuberculosis (TB), common among the poor in developing countries, can be difficult to cure due to poor treatment adherence. This study aims to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of photovoice in improving TB knowledge, attitude, practice, self-efficacy, and treatment outcome among TB patients in Specialist Hospital Sokoto, Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: A double-blinded randomized trial to determine the effectiveness of photovoice among newly diagnosed TB patients in Specialist Hospital Sokoto, Nigeria. Participants of the photovoice are to be compared with a control group who will receive an HIV health education. Both the participants and assessors will be blinded to the participation status of the patients (photovoice or control group). The study is to last for 6 months. Two hundred newly diagnosed TB patients will be recruited for the study. Structured and closed-ended questionnaires will be used to obtain data for the study. The primary end-points are TB knowledge, attitude, practice, and treatment outcome, while self-efficacy is the secondary endpoint.
Results: The participants of photovoice are expected to have more mean scores in knowledge, attitude, practice, self-efficacy and successful treatment compared with the control group.
Conclusion: The photovoice intervention will be more effective in improving TB knowledge, attitude, practice, self-efficacy, and treatment outcome among the patients to be studied.Keywords: Photovoice; effectiveness; randomized trial; TB; treatment outcome