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International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences (IJPHCS)
Open Access e-journal ISSN : 2289-7577

KNOWLEDGE OF HPV AND HPV VACCINATION AND THE ASSOCIATED FACTOR AMONG PRIMIGRAVIDAS IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL

Noor Sa'adah Azmin, Kasmah Wati Pardi

Abstract


ABSTRACT  

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection which is linked to cervical cancer. Thus, there is a great need to prevent the cancer through HPV vaccination. However, knowledge about HPV and HPV vaccination among women is still lacking. The study aimed to assess the level of knowledge about HPV and HPV vaccination among primigravidas. It also examined the association between educational level and the level of knowledge about HPV and HPV vaccination.

Materials and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire to assess knowledge on HPV and HPV vaccination was used in this cross-sectional study. The participants consisted of 161 primigravidas who attended an antenatal clinic of a tertiary hospital. Data were analysed in terms of frequencies and percentages using SPSS version 22.0. Pearson Chi-square test was used to determine the association between educational level and level of knowledge about HPV and HPV vaccination.  

Result: Out of 161 respondents who completed the questionnaire, 72 (44.7%) of the respondents had good level of knowledge on HPV and HPV vaccination, whereas 89 (55.3%) of them had poor level of knowledge on HPV and HPV vaccination. Analysis of Pearson Chi-square test showed that there is no significant association between educational level and level of knowledge about HPV and HPV vaccination (p > .05).    

Conclusion: This study showed the primigravidas had poor knowledge on HPV and HPV vaccination. However, no significant association was found between educational level and level of knowledge about HPV and HPV vaccination. Therefore, a structured educational programme to improve the knowledge of the primigravidas is highly recommended. It is crucial for the primigravidas to have strong knowledge on HPV and HPV vaccination as they will be heavily involved in the HPV vaccination programme.

Keywords: Human Papilloma Virus, Cervical Cancer, Primigravida, Knowledge, Nurses

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