KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE REGARDING WORK SAFETY CULTURE AMONG STAFFS IN THE FACULTY OF MEDICINE AND HEALTH SCIENCES, UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA
Background: Safety culture of an institution is the reflection of actions, attitudes and behaviour of its members concerning safety. A good safety culture in an academic institution impacts on the quality of teaching and learning which subsequently improves overall performance. This paper aims to explore the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) on work safety culture (WSC) among a sample of academic and non-academic staffs in a public university in Malaysia.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study using self-administered questionnaire was conducted among 215 academic and non-academic staffs in the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (FMHS), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM).
Result: In general, 73.8% have good WSC knowledge, 54.5% reported positive attitude towards WSC and 74.1% practiced good WSC. Bivariate and multivariate analysis was performed to examine the association between KAP and sociodemographic characteristics, as well as employment factors. Knowledge on WSC was significantly associated with length of services, where participants who worked for less than eight years reported better WSC knowledge compared to those with longer service duration (adjusted odds ratio, AOR=1.76; 95% confidence interval, CI=1.21,3.53). Positive WSC attitude was significantly associated with being permanently employed compared to temporary employment (AOR=2.72; 95%CI=1.11,6.64), whereas good WSC practice was significantly associated with having good WSC knowledge (AOR=4.91, 95% CI: 2.42,10.75), having good attitude towards WSC (AOR=2.22, 95% CI: 1.07,4.62) and being married (AOR=2.64, 95% CI: 1.13,6.16).
Conclusion: This study concludes that good knowledge and positive attitude being important factors in determining good safety practices among the participants. While employment characteristics have shown significant association with knowledge and attitude, these did not determine their safety practices.Keywords: Safety culture, knowledge, attitude, practice, Malaysia