SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC DETERMINANTS OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE ON LIFESTYLE PREVENTIVE MEASURES AGAINST HYPERTENSION AMONG FOUR SELECTED VILLAGES IN KUALA PILAH AND JEMPOL, NEGERI SEMBILAN
Background: This study was aimed at determining the factors and predictors of knowledge, attitude and practice on lifestyle preventive measures against hypertension among residents in selected villages in Negeri Sembilan.
Method: A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect respondents’ socio-demographic characteristics and their scores on knowledge, attitude and practice of lifestyle preventive measure against hypertension, in this cross sectional study. Body mass index (BM) was measured using calibrated measuring scales.
Results: Among 787 respondents recruited, majority were of Malay ethnicity (60.2%), predominantly male (62.6%), aged between 31 to 55 years (44.2%), with normal BMI (63.4%). Significant associations were found between level of knowledge and age, (χ2 = 6.3, p= 0.043), ethnicity (χ2 = 12.1, p= 0.007), hypertensive status (χ2 = 11.25, p= 0.001), and BMI (χ2 = 17.578, p= 0.001). Factors found to be significantly associated with level of attitude were age (χ2 = 17.498, p= 0.001), hypertensive status (χ2 = 20.529, p= 0.001), and BMI (χ2 = 8.633, p= 0.035) while for level of practice, only age (χ2 = 25.09, p= 0.001). Significant predictors for good level of knowledge were older age group (p=0.021), ethnicity other than Malay, Chinese, or Indian (p=0.007), higher income (p=0.022), not being hypertensive (p <0.001) and lower BMI status (p<0.001), while for good level of attitude were older age group (p<0.001), and not being hypertensive (p<0.001). Significant predictors for good level of practice were older age group (p<0.001), ethnicity other than Malay, Chinese, or Indian (p=0.006), and not being hypertensive (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Knowledge, attitude, and practice among respondents were unsatisfactory and predicts by several factors studied.Keywords: lifestyle preventive measure, hypertension, knowledge, attitude, practices