RELATIONSHIP OF FATTY NUTRIENT INTAKE, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND SMOKING WITH THE OCCURRENCE OF HYPERTENSION IN THE COMMUNITY IN KARO DISTRICT, NORTH SUMATRA PROVINCE, INDONESIA
Background: Behavior is the most important factor that greatly influences people's lives. Behavior greatly affects a person's physical and psychological condition. Along with the times there has been a change in people's behavior. One form of this change is the low healthy lifestyle such as poor diet, the proportion of rest that is not balanced with the activities undertaken, the lack of exercise, unhealthy habits such as smoking, drinking alcoholic beverages, consumption of certain drugs. The low behavior of healthy living has impact on the changes of disease pattern. The changes of disease pattern that were originally dominated by infectious diseases turn to non-communicable diseases (PTM). One of these PTM is hypertension. Approximately 1.13 billion people in the world have hypertension, which means that 1 in 3 people in the world are diagnosed with hypertension
Materials and Methods: This type of research was quantitative analytic with cross sectional design. The population in this study was 247,829 with a total sample of 270 obtained by using multistage random sampling. Multi-stage random sampling technique is used because the population in the study is quite large and the geography of the research area is quite extensive. The instruments in this study were questionnaires, FFQ forms, recall forms, PAL forms.
Result: The results showed there was a correlation between consumption habits of fat nutrient intake (p = 0,000), there was no relationship of physical activity (p = 0.086) and there was a relationship of smoking (p = 0,000) with the incidence of hypertension in Karo District, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia.
Conclusion: Fatty nutrient intake and smoking are risk factors that cause hypertension in the community in Karo District, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia
Keywords: Fatty Nutrient Intake, Physical Activity, Smoking, Hypertension