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International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences (IJPHCS)
Open Access e-journal ISSN : 2289-7577

PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF HYPOGLYCAEMIA AMONG NON-DIABETIC RESPONDENTS: FINDINGS FROM NATIONAL HEALTH MORBIDITY SURVEY (NMHS) 2015

Jayvikramjit Singh MS, Zamitira Seman, Norsyamilina Che Abdul Rahim, Azli Baharuddin

Abstract


Background: Hypoglycaemia among non-diabetes patients are not common but the aetiologies point out to factors such as sepsis, liver disease, malnutrition, alcohol related disorders and malignancies. The objective of this study is to investigate the prevalence and potential risk factors associated with non-diabetic hypoglycaemia

Materials and Methods: This study used data of the National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2015, a cross sectional design, applied two stage stratified cluster sampling. Descriptive statistics for the complex sampling and multiple logistic regression were applied to estimate the prevalence of hypoglycaemia in non-diabetes population and factors associated in Malaysia

Result: A total of 18373 respondents aged 18 years and above were analysed. The overall prevalence of non-diabetic hypoglycaemia among Malaysia adults were 10.2% (95% CI9.27-11.23). Non-diabetic hypoglycaemia was significantly associated with males  (AOR=1.24, 95% CI=1.03-1.49), age group 18-24 years (AOR=2.61, 95%CI= 1.91-3.57), age group 25-44 years (AOR=1.93,95%CI=1.41-2.63), other Bumiputra (AOR=1.79, 95%CI= 1.30-2.45) and others ethnicity(AOR=1.64,95%,CI=1.18-2.29),normal weight (AOR=1.48,95%CI= 1.20-1.82) and underweight (AOR=1.60,95%CI= 1.17-2.18). 

Conclusion: Lower Body Mass Index (BMI) and underweight respondents, younger age group, males, Bumiputras and other ethnicity, were significantly associated with non-diabetic hypoglycaemia. The outcome of this study warrants insights into treating this group of patients. Therefore, clinicians should dwell into the aetiology of hypoglycaemia in non-diabetic patients and treat the underlying cause.

Keywords: Hypoglycaemia, Non-diabetes, low sugar, NHMS

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