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International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences (IJPHCS)
Open Access e-journal ISSN : 2289-7577

CURRENT PERSPECTIVE OF COVID-19 AND A GLOBAL PANDEMIC CHALLENGES

Shayam Prakash, Akanksha Priya Priyatma, Rajeev Ranjan

Abstract


Background: Unprecedented outbreak of COVID-19 emerged in December 2019 in Wuhan City in China. It spread across the world and captivated India on 30th January, 2020. Today the cases have reached 93322 and are still spreading at a rapid pace. Detection is becoming difficult with the periodic mutation of the virus as it shows no or mild symptoms. To manage the spread Global containment and quarantine efforts have been currently enforced. This review provides an outlook of COVID-19 with the existing literatures focusing on public health, emergency response, and diagnosis, impact of global disaster, preparedness and challenges as well as current state of art.

Materials and Methods: Information’s from PubMed, CDC, WHO, website of MOHFW, ICMR, NIH along with the journals and papers has been searched and compiled the appropriate information for awareness of people and current challenges on transmission, asymptomatic and symptomatic virus shedding, and diagnosis and future challenges of viral pathogenesis.

Result: Cooperation from public is utmost appreciable and the only need of time endeavor to overcome of this emergency. Lockdown, steps for regular self and environmental sanitization, social distancing, self-quarantine, follow-up guidelines are more effective while dealing with coronavirus. Various articles on recommendations, clinical trials, PPE, Mask and Sanitizer production, State Lockdown strategies, testing strategies, understanding of clinical pathways has been discussed with facts and figures on COVID-19.

Conclusion: As the huge efforts made by scientist all over world is still continued for prevention and awareness by government to deal with pandemic. Unfortunately, many of lessons from past outbreaks have not been learnt, even disease control professionals, scientists and practicing physicians are reverently in the fight against SARSCoV-2. In past few weeks many interesting papers have been published on genomic sequence, potential target for antiviral development and clinical characteristics on COVID-19. Based on these findings, the urgent needs in prevention and control of COVID-19 is required to understand the mechanism. Many challenges and research questions have arisen in the field from our personal perspective.

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Global health emergency


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