THE INFLUENCE OF DIETARY INTAKE ON THE INCIDENCE OF ANEMIA FEMALE TEENAGERS IN SMP RURAL AREA PANCUR BATU DELI SERDANG DISTRICT
Background: Anemia is one of serious micro-nutrient problems in Indonesia. Adolescent is one age-group with high nutritional risk. Prevalence of iron anemia in Indonesia as much as 72.3%.
Materials and Methods: The research used quantitative research method with cross sectional study design and aimed to find out the correlation of the knowledge of nutrition and eating pattern (intake of protein, iron, pholate acid, and vitamin C) with the incidence of anemia. The population was all female students SMP Rural Area Pancur Batu District Deli Serdang, and 100 of them were used as the samples selected by simple random sampling. The data were obtained from the examination of hemoglobin content, using digital acute check, questionnaires, 24 hour-food recall form, and eating frequency form. The data was analyzed using Chi Square.
Result: The result showed that The proportion of anemia for female teenagers in Junior High School Rural Area Pancur Batu Deli Serdang District was 58%, percentage of tenager with adequade intake the protein (56%), iron intake (22%), pholate (5%) acid, vitamin C (15%).
Conclusion: Female teenagers with insufficeient iron intake had bigger chance for anemia 8 times compared to those with sufficient iron intake.
Keywords: Dietary intake, anemia, and female teenagers