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International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences (IJPHCS)
Open Access e-journal ISSN : 2289-7577

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH DENGUE INCIDENCE AMONG SOCIETY IN BANTUL DISTRICT, INDONESIA: A CASE-CONTROL STUDY

Widya Hadwiningrum, Sulistyawati Sulistyawati

Abstract


Background: Understanding the potential risk factor is vital to provide proper intervention for Dengue prevention. This study evaluated the possible risk factor of personal protection to dengue incidence. Repellent usage, hang used cloth and knowledge were assessed as the predictor for dengue incidence.

Materials and Methods: Case-control with 1:2 ratio was undertaken in Bantul, Yogyakarta Indonesia. In total, 51 participants were involved in this study, consist of 17 cases and 34 controls. Chi-square test was used to test the association among the variable and dengue incidence.

Result: Hanging used clothes inside the house was founded as the potential risk factor of dengue incidence with OR = 15.68; CI = (3.039-80.928) it was significantly associated.  Repellent was found insignificant associated and not as a possible risk factor for dengue incidence with OR = 2.88; CI = (0.781-10.679). Knowledge was also discovered not a risk factor for dengue incidence with OR = 0.59; CI = (0.171-2.071) it was not significantly associated.

Conclusion: Attention about dengue potential risk factor such as to not hanging used cloth inside the house should be increased to anticipated an outbreak. In addition, proper health promotion should be provided to the community.

Keywords: Dengue, risk factor, individual protection, Bantul, Indonesia

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