RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FAMILY SUPPORT AND QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS AT HOSPITAL Tk. IV 01.07.01 PEMATANGSIANTAR NORTH SUMATERA
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disease caused by metabolic disorders, that characterized by the high rate of blood glucose exceeded from normal average caused by the damage of substances that produces insulin, and insulin production is greater than the normal value. Many factors affect the quality of life of the patients such as family support and dietary compliance. This study aimed to analyze the relationship of several characteristics (gender, education level) and family support with quality of life the outpatients with type 2 DM at Hospital Tk.IV.01.07.01 Pematangsiantar.
Materials and Methods This research was an observational study with cross sectional design. The population was all patients with type-2 DM outpatients from January to May 2019. These samples were chosen as the patients with type 2 DM at internal Disease Policlinic by using accidental sampling technique of 212 respondents. The data were collected by interviewing method with the instruments taken from World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL- BREF) (1996); to measure the quality of life by using and Hensarling's Diabetes Family Support Scale (HDFSS) . The Data were analyzed by using Chi Square
Result:The results of the bivariate analysis showed that there is a significant relationship between family support (p <0.001, OR = 3.656 95% CI 1961-6818), educational level (p = 0.031, OR = 2.384 95% CI 1135-5009), gender (p = 0.045, OR = 0.528 95% CI 0294-0949) with the quality of life of patients with type 2 DM.
Conclusion:Family support is the variable that mostly contributed to the quality of life of patients with type 2 DM in Hospital Pematangsiantar Tk.IV.01.07.01. It is expected that families of patients with type 2 DM provide high support to the patients of type 2 DM so that the quality of life of these patients get better.
Keywords: Diabetes, Characteristics, Diet, Family, Support.