THE INFLUENCE OF KNOWLEDGE, HOUSEHOLD CONTACT, AND VENTILATION ON THE RISK OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN PADANGSIDIMPUAN CITY, NORTH SUMATERA
Introduction: Tuberculosis remains a global health problem. Indonesia was the second rank for tuberculosis cases among 30 high tuberculosis burden countries. In Padangsidimpuan city, the number of new tuberculosis cases had increased from 301 cases in 2015 to 351 cases in 2017. The aim of study was to determine the association of knowledge, contact history, and ventilation with pulmonary tuberculosis in Padangsidimpuan city.
Methods: A case control study was conducted among 56 cases and 56 controls. Cases were smears positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients diagnosed in June to October 2018. The control group consisted of their neighbor without tuberculosis symptom. A set of questionnaire was used to collect information on knowledge, contact history and ventilation. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.
Results: The results showed that factors associated with pulmonary tuberculosis were bad knowledge (OR=7.840; 95% CI: 2.521-24.379), household contact (OR=4.259; 95% CI: 1.730-10.485), and ineligible ventilation (OR=3.029; 95% CI: 1.149-7.988).
Conclusion: The risk of pulmonary TB increases with bad knowledge, contact history, and ineligible ventilation.
Keywords: knowledge, household contact, ventilation, pulmonary tuberculosis