PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS OF DEPRESSION, ANXIETY AND STRESS AMONG HEALTHCARE WORKERS IN PEJABAT KESIHATAN DAERAH MELAKA TENGAH
Background: The percentage of people suffering from depression and/or anxiety globally has doubled from 416 million in 1990 to 615 million in 2013. Amongst associated factors identified were job demand, poor social support, organizational issues, financial problems, wages and workload. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and what are the associated factors that influencing depression, anxiety and stress level among healthcare workers in Pejabat Kesihatan Daerah Melaka Tengah..
Materials and Methods: The study design of this research was a cross sectional method. We recruited all 1203 healthcare workers, but the final number was 702 responses screened for analysis in which provide complete data on the variables of interest of the study. This study was conducted from August till December 2018. The validated Malay version of DASS 21 was used as a research tool in this study..
Result: The highest prevalence among healthcare workers in Pejabat Kesihatan Daerah Melaka Tengah was anxiety (14.0%), followed by depression (7.0%) and stress (4.3%).The prevalence of depression was significant among PPKP (OR: 10.27, 95%CI: 4.19-25.17) and those respondents working at PKD administrative office (5.40, 95%CI: 2.60-11.21); anxiety prevalence was statistically associated with age (OR: 2.26, 95%CI: 1.10-4.65), work place (OR: 3.75, 95%CI: 1.99-7.06), and occupation (OR: 5.17, 95%CI: 2.20-12.14). Lastly, stress prevalence was found to be significant among PPKP (OR: 5.29, 95%CI: 1.68, 16.65).
Conclusion: Age, working at PKD administrative office and occupation as PPKP were significantly associated with DAS score among healthcare workers in Pejabat Kesihatan Daerah Melaka Tengah..
Keywords: anxiety, depression, Stress, healthcare workers