THE DEVELOPMENT OF HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE PROGRAMME AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS IN TAM BINH DISTRICT, VINH LONG PROVINCE, VIETNAM
Background: The number of diabetic people is rapidly increasing in Vietnam as well as in the world. Type 2 diabetic patients were reported reduced health-related quality of life. The research investigates on: (1) Exploration of the relative factors to health-related quality of life of diabetic patients in Tam Binh district, Vinh Long province, Vietnam in 2018 - 2019. (2) Implementation the health-related quality of life programme of diabetic patients. (3) Evaluation of the effectiveness of health-related quality of life programme of diabetic patients after six months of the implementation programme.
Methods: The participants are the type 2 diabetic patients with aging 35 and over, diabetic duration more than 6 months and living at least 6 months in Tam Binh district. The mixed methods research is used with: Phase 1: The quantitative method is performed to assess the quality of health-related quality of life of 500 type 2 diabetic patients by the Vietnamese diabetes quality of life questionnaire. Phase 2: The quasi-experimental method is designed to set up an empowerment programme, then will compare the health behaviour the 85 diabetic patient group by the Knowledge of diabetes, Attitude toward to deal with diabetes and Practice with diabetic management questionnaire. Phase 3: We will evaluate the effectiveness of the programme of the patients with both questionnaires on phase 1 and 2. The data will be analysed with the Package for Social Sciences version 22 program. One-way analysis of variance is used to evaluate the differences in the domains of the health-related quality of life among the different groups. The T-test is used for analysis on the quasi-experimental research.
Discussion: This research will assess the health-related quality of life of type 2 diabetes in Tam Binh district, Vinh Long province, Vietnam. Diabetes’ health-related quality of life is usually lower than the healthy people. However, the other studies showed that this was improved after the implementation programme. Therefore, this experimental study will increase the health-related quality of life of type 2 diabetic patients.Key words: Diabetes, Vietnam, health-related quality of life, KAP questionnaire, empowerment programme.